Hospital waste management in kathmandu valley

Healthcare waste is a byproduct of healthcare that includes sharps, non-sharps, nonblood, body parts, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical devices and radioactive materials. ContinueHealth care waste management refers to all the activities, administrative and operational, involved in the handling, treatment, storage, and disposal of waste. A part of hospital hygiene and maintenance activities which involves the management of waste produced by hospitals using such techniques that will help to check the spread of diseases through it.

Hospital waste management in kathmandu valley

So the study was conducted in public and private HCIs of Kathmandu valley. During the study period, waste was collected from O. Mainly study was focused in two aspects. Firstly, to know the existing management practices of biomedical waste i.

Secondly, to know KAP of different personnel who are involving in management of HCW and its impacts on human health and the environment. In order to critically evaluate biomedical waste management practices in Kathmandu valley, we have used a formalised KAP survey procedure and structured questionnaire for the survey was formulated and the responses of on-duty doctors, nurses, O.

A statistical tool was used for analysis of the data. The quantity of waste generation was estimated on average dry weight of waste collected from different wards for a period of one week.

In addition to, challenges and opportunities for better management of biomedical waste were also discussed with management team of each HCI. Sustainable Solid Waste Management 5.


The segregation of waste at source wards, O. T, and lab is far from satisfactory and it was also observed that collection of non-infectious and hazardous waste done in open hand—driven trolley. Some HCIs were using plastic buckets of assorted variety at ward and department level for waste collection, however most of them were in broken condition and replacement was not provided.

Figure 1 shows the existing scenario of waste management practice in HCIs of Kathmandu valley.


Figure 1 Current Status of Biomedical Waste Disposal Practice in Kathmandu Valley It was observed that trolleys for transportation of waste were being used for other purposes like carriage of linen and stores.

Needle destroyers were non-functional and physical mutilation was being restored to which can prove to be dangerous for health care workers. In some HCIs incinerator was available but must of them were not using because of high cost. It is a dilemma that HCI authority, municipal body as well as other local stakeholders does not check existing waste management system of this HCI.

In reality, it is found that other health research institutions, private practitioners, nursing homes and medical college are dumping their waste into main municipal garbage container and their back yard without any hesitation.

But in reality there is big gap between theory and practices.

Hospital waste management in kathmandu valley

Likewise, there is lack of supplies of basic equipments to the front line waste handlers. During the meetings and focus group discussion all have suggested for in-house intensive training on management of biomedical waste and awareness raising programs.

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May be, ignorance of authority of HCIs, KMC and different stakeholders on biomedical waste could be attributed to the present a scenario of biomedical waste management in the Valley.

T staff, rag pickers and people living nearby waste dumping sites. The survey was conducted to know level of awareness of biomedical waste and its impact on human health and environment.

The null hypothesis was set for analysis of data. Therefore, it was considered to analyse information with equal weights for all types of respondents, and with decreasing weights - from doctors to rag pickers [Table 2 and table 3].

The computational procedure for estimation of p value is given below:Waste Management is a leader in safe medical disposal and hospital waste management. We help healthcare organizations adopt sustainable strategies. Solid Waste Management in Kathmandu Metropolitan City1 is one among a Solid Waste Management in Kathmandu Metropolitan City 2.

Hospital waste management in kathmandu valley

central waste management system. Both hospital waste and industrial waste are generally mixed with ordinary municipal waste. There is no special treatment. The problem of solid waste management in Kathmandu is not only because of inadequate systems of garbage collection and its final disposal but also due to low level of public awareness.

The Kathmandu municipal cooperation has been adopting various strategies for a long for the safe disposal of solid waste. HOSPITAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PRESENTD BY GROUPGROUP-C1 BHARATI KC(09) SAMJHANA SHRESTHA(31) SEEMA GIRI(32) SUNIL KOIRALA(36) INTRODUCTION Health care waste includes all the waste, solid or liquid waste generated by health care establishments, research facilities, and laboratories.

Healthcare waste is a byproduct of healthcare that includes sharps, non-sharps, . The improper management of bio-medical waste from Health Care Institutes (HCI) has created another dimension of environmental as well as public health problems in Kathmandu valley.

Management of Hospitals in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal Earth Science International Conference • Analyze hospital liquid waste management Waste Management Status Note: *ToR approved for IEE study of the hospital Findings (contd.)

(PDF) Critical Evaluation of Biomedical Wastes Management Practices in Kathmandu Valley